Panama is a Latin American country that can be defined as transcontinental, because the eponymous canal, which we can cross on our cruises, marks the border between North America and South America.
The Panama Canal is perhaps one of the most special places in the world where engineering conquered nature to create an isthmus that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific. A feat of hydraulic engineering which, through the successive emptying and filling of tanks, overcomes the otherwise insurmountable difference in height. Vessels are required to be of certain dimensions to make the crossing; this is known as the Panamax category. Since 2016, with the expansion and streamlining of the locks by a consortium of European companies led by Italy, the category has changed to New Panamax. On our Costa cruise ship we can enjoy the spectacle of the crossing during the trip to Panama.