Not just dream destinations with an ideal climate, clear waters, and pink sand beaches. The Bermuda islands reveal typically British traditions, close commercial ties with America and are a great mix to discover. The place has an adventurous history and begins with Juan De Bermudez, the Spanish explorer who discovered the islands in 1505.
They are a part of British territory and form an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, formed by dozens of islands, between Florida and the island of Puerto Rico, with which they form the “notorious” Bermuda triangle. This is an enormous stretch of the Atlantic Ocean where the sea bed reaches a depth of 9 thousand metres. An area of more than one million square kilometres where inexplicable facts have taken place, including the disappearance of ships, planes and boats that have reappeared without their crew.
Legends, mysteries, and fun facts that are a part of these islands to be discovered. The tourist season opens with a stay. It was Queen Victoria's daughter, Princess Louise, who opened the tourist season in the area. All it took was a stay in Hamilton, the archipelago’s capital, in the winter of 1883. to prepare the islands for a future of exclusive and elegant tourism.
It still preserves the style and atmosphere of the past, in a beautiful alternation of picturesque fortresses and pale-coloured houses, amidst sophisticated gardens. The historical wealth, together with the natural beauties, make it one of the most popular tourist destinations.
Bermuda's beaches are lapped by a calm sea of varying hues. Here, tourists can relax or swim, can sip natural juice or a fresh soft drink, while reading or trying to learn the local customs and habits.
Follow us on the 15 unmissable places to visit.
- Saint George
- Church Bay
- Crystal Caves
- Fantasy Caves
- National Museum of Bermuda
- Bermuda National Gallery
- Bermuda Aquarium and Museum-Zoo
- Saint George’s Island
- Bermuda Botanical Gardens
- Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity
- Bermuda Underwater Exploration Institute
- Dockyard Glassworks
- Dolphin Quest
- South Shore Park
- Horseshoe Bay Beach
Saint George is the administrative centre. In addition to the only airport, you will find unspoilt beaches, a picturesque square and several interesting historical items. Two of these items remember George Somers, who founded an English colony here: a ship and a bronze statue.
The views of the sea are not the only idea. After the the town square, King’s Square, you will discover the ancient colonial town, where it is still possible to breathe theperiod atmosphere, thanks to the Town Hall, which still has the the block in front of it to which anyone not observing the rules was tied as a sign of humiliation.
Nearby we find the governor’s palace, which has now been transformed into a museum where it is possible to discover the reconstruction of its original appearance. One of the other attractions is Saint Peter's Church, one of the oldest places of Anglican worship in the world. The current construction, from the eighteenth century, stands on another church, built at the time the town was founded.
Another particular church, “The Incomplete Church”, can be reached on foot from the centre. The Gothic arches and columns remain on a lawn with the sky in the background. A view to be framed. Lastly, visit the National Trust Museum to discover the important moments of the foundations of the archipelago’s history.
Just like many of the old town centre’s buildings, the ones on the square are very colourful. One of the most famous houses in Saint George is the Old State House, the first house built in stone and seat of Parliament from 1620 to 1815, the year in which the capital was moved to Hamilton, as it was thought to be a better position and easier place to dock for ships.
You can also see the Old Rectory: the first building in the archipelago to have a stone roof. The town is now a UNESCO world heritage site, and is considered to be one of the best examples of English town planning. You will also find on the archipelago's best beaches in Saint George, Tobacco Bay, which is perfect for diving and snorkelling.
Amazing beauty, just as the coral reef is surprising: Welcome to Church Bay, the ideal place for snorkelling on the main island, Great Bermuda. The small cove is lapped by calm waters that are ideal for swimming and for having fun with water sports. The bay is at the far end of the South Shore beaches.
The fantastic cliffs are populated by so many species of multicoloured tropical fish (angel, parrot, butterfly fish). A group of coral reefs in Church Bay National Park, act as protection and make the marine park's waters shallow. There is also another park that overlooks the beach, where it is possible to use the convenient picnic areas.
You need to go underground in Hamilton to see one of the most impressive natural attractions. The crystal caves, believed to be millions of years old, house amazing formations and a sparkling lake fed by the ocean.
This amazing underground world also inspired Mark Twain. To start, we must go back in time. A return to the Pleistocen ice age from about 1.6 million years ago. A large part of the Earth’s oceans were frozen, sea levels fell and rainwater penetrated Bermuda’s limestone, creating hidden caves in and around the island. They were discovered, however, by chance and is owed to two young boys who were playing cricket, in 1907. While they were throwing a ball, they found a small hole giving off hot air from somewhere below. Curious, the boys dug into the earth and discovered an underground wonder.
In 1908, the famous author of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer became the first tourist to go down into the crystal caves. "We have visited an amazing grotto...”, he wrote in a letter. “I think it is the most beautiful grotto in the world. We descended 150 steps and stopped in an amazing place 250 feet long and 30 or 40 feet wide, with a brilliant lake of clear water under our feet and all the roof overhead splendid with shining stalactites, thousands and thousands of them as white as sugar, and thousands and thousands brown and pink and other tints”.
Over the next century, the caves became one of the most popular attractions in Bermuda, with thousands of people who discovered the divine underground beauty under the surface of the island. A special tour will take you to discover this enchanted beauty: clear water, underground pools and formations of stalactites look like items of design and special lamps created to furbish the cave.
Here, you can admire Lake Cahow, known for its crystal-clear waters, over which a bridge has been built. You will have a unique space to see the stalactites that drip from the ceiling or the stalagmites that appear between the crystal-clear waters and floor. It is said that a manta ray appeared in the caves, an unusual sea creature for the islands.
That is not all, there are also the Fantasy Caves, a natural wonder in the same complex. It was first inaugurated in 1914, then closed during the Second World War, and then reopened again to the public. Imagine artificial games of light and walls covered with mineral deposits, that produce special shapes.
The caves continue for 500 metres, down to a depth of 62 metres, and are one of the most visited attractions in Bermuda. A mandatory stop not just due to the magical experience but also for their visual impact: the clear blue water of the underground pools creates a wonderful contrast with the shiny white formations of the caves and their incredible formations of all sizes and shapes.
National Museum of Bermuda
This island’s history told inside seven bastions and eight buildings: welcome to the National Museum of Bermuda. Shipwrecks, battles, whale hunts, sailing regattas and maritime art are just some of the matters on show. In the upper part of the museum, it is possible to visit a 19th home full of authentic antique furniture and exhibitions about Bermuda’s social and military history. You can take the time to relax amidst nature and walk through the area’s 16 hectares, enjoying the panoramic views of the island, just like the sheep that graze the land roaming free.
The museum’s play park provides games and initiatives for children, including slides, wings, climbing frames and dancing fountains. An opportunity to cool down on the must sweltering days. The Bermuda Maritime Museum is now also a part of the National Museum. Which was officially opened by Queen Elisabeth II in 1975.
Bermuda National Gallery
Local furniture, African masks and a large collection of European paintings: the Bermuda National Gallery was opened in 199 in the capital Hamilton to promote “awareness and appreciation of Bermuda and worldwide visual art”. There are works by national and international artists on show. There are also a series of black and white photographs by the local artist Richard Saunders and a collection of prints with images of Afro-American life on show.
Bermuda Aquarium and Museum-Zoo
Triple enjoyment with the Bermuda Aquarium, Museum & Zoo, one of the most popular attractions on the Bermuda Islands. Located in the picturesque Flatts Village in Hamilton, it was founded in 1926. It is possible to visit the Aquarium, the Museum and a Zoo in the same complex. The main hub here is the "North Rock” section: A living replica of one of the spectacular coral reefs of the Bermuda Islands. It is one of the largest collections of living coral in the world. Here it is possible to find more than 200 species of fish and marine invertebrates from Bermuda’s sea ecosystems.
You can see purple gorgonias, barracudas, groupers and star corals. You will also have the possibility of a unique experience, placing your head in a giant plexiglass bubble: you will have the immediate sensation of entering a coral grotto.
The aquarium experience will be magical for children, given that there is a constant coming and going of fish and colours. A great parade of parrot fish, tiger fish, moray eels, groupers, crabs, lobsters and coral. There are also wonderful seals in the open air pool. Other famous protagonists are the green turtles awaiting the visitors in another pool near the entrance.
The second attraction is the museum, that was recently at the centre of an enhancement and reorganisation project. Two sections have been created: one is about the natural history of Bermuda before humans arrived. The various habitats are analysed, including the rocky coast and the beach, and also the freshwater pools and forests. Interactive videos show how the the island’s caves formed and which creatures live inside them.
The first sections shows Bermuda's natural history before the arrival of any human being. It explores the origins and natural habitats, like the rocky coast, the beach, the freshwater pool and the forests. There is a multimedia presentation that shows how the island was created, how the caves were formed and which creatures live inside them.
The second section of the museum shows the impact of human beings on the various species of animals. The last section is dedicated to the zoo, which is arranged as a kind of trip around the world. You can go to Asia and Australia, meet kangaroos, bats, wallabies and shrews. There is also an area dedicated to Madagascar where you can meet lemurs
Saint George’s Island
Natural beauties, historical findings and several fun facts. Saint George’s Island is to the east of Grand Bermuda. Don’t be surprised if you see businessmen everywhere who wear the traditional Bermuda shorts on mopeds or bicycles. You won't see much else in shop windows either. They are a certainty here, a symbol, in fact, although their history begins in London. Royal Navy sailors were the first to wear them.
A fun fact? There are strict rules, starting from the length they must reach, i.e. 7.5 centimetres above the knee. The hems must be hand sewn, they must have belt loops and two front pockets. The logo for all Bermuda garments is a triangle, reminiscent of the “cursed” triangle.
The first attraction to see is the old Gibb’s Hill lighthouse known for its cone shape and its light that can be seen 25 miles away. It is 35 metres high and stands on a hill at 110 metres above sea level. You need to climb 185 steps, but the amazing view will be worth all the effort. A curious fact is that it was built in cast iron, as steel was not available at that time on the island. It has been used since 1846.
Saint George is the island that is home to the capital Hamilton, and is renowned for itsfortresses. They defended the coast for over 300 years and are now a UNESCO world heritage site. The completely restored Fort St Catherine contains a a diorama gallery portraying Bermuda’s history, a collection of firearms, in addition to a copy of the British crown jewels. Built in 1620, Gates Fort is a small, but strategically placed battery with a view over the Atlantic, and Alexandra Battery, which dates back to 1840, overlooks a beach dotted with coloured sea glass.
Saint Davis is opposite Saint George, which was once the military outpost of the British Empire. Today, it offers several beaches that are not too crowded. One of the most characteristic beaches is not far from the lighthouse, in Bermuda's easternmost point. Snorkelling lovers can find the perfect place in the village of Sandy.
Here we find Snorkel Park where, with all the necessary equipment, you can see colourful fish and sea beds full of surprises from close up. Diving enthusiasts will find a few cannons and shipwrecks sunk in past centuries.
Another place not to be missed is Nonsuch, meaning “no other such place exists”. The island is a place much frequented by animal lovers, as it has rare bird species: some of these are the cahow, the symbol of Bermuda, and the yellow-crowned night heron. The area is inside a natural park, the ideal place for peace and quiet, where you can forget hectic rhythms of everyday life.
Bermuda Botanical Gardens
Nature lovers will have a reference point in Hamilton, botanical gardens, that are a place where locals love to walk or relax on the large lawns bordered by large trees. The green park hosts subtropical fruit trees, hibiscus trees and an aviary. There is also an aromatic garden designed for blind visitors. Another gem, inside the building close to the park entrance, is the Masterworks Museum: the island’s past is analysed through graphic works, and the vision of the archipelago around the world is also studied.
Nearby, there is also Fort Hamilton, which provides a panoramic view over the whole city. This is an ancient fort used to defend the location during the war of secession. Hamilton is the cultural and commercial heart of the islands. Pastel-hued colonial buildings stand along the roads and the town is home to the best shops, restaurants, galleries and museums in Bermuda.
The beaches are surrounded by brightly-coloured buildings, starting with the ones one the seafront. Together with the other streets in the centre, it forms an orthogonal network that is the heart of the city. Main Island is the best place for those wanting to swim, or enjoy water sports: the water is clear and the beaches are large. The longest one, is called Warwick Long Bay, and continues for 8 kilometres amidst sand, woodland, trees and meadows.
Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity
No buildings are permitted to be higher than its spires. Here we are at the symbol of the islands, the Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity, built in neo-Gothic style. This is the most important historical monument of the Islands. It was completed in 1905 for the Bermuda Anglican church, a special diocese that refers directly to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
A particular type of limestone found on Bermuda was used to build it. Some decorative elements have been made with a stone brought from France, from Caen. You will have the possibility of enjoying an incomparable view from a tower. 44 metres high, you gaze will land on Hamilton City and as far as North Shore of Bermuda.
The other religious building to visit is the Cathedral of St Theresa of Lisieux. You will find yourself in a network of streets leading to the centre of the town. Here you can take a break or go shopping in the more picturesque shops. Sessions House is also in this area: it is home to the Supreme Court and Bermuda Parliament.
Bermuda Underwater Exploration Institute
At the entrance to the town of Hamilton, there is a specialised centre where Ocean data is collected and analysed: the Bermuda Underwater Exploration Institute. This marine study centre contains various sections and an educational path that guides visitors. There are three topics discussed: sea beds, the species populating the sea beds and the environmental problems that the islands face.
The institute also offers interactive activities, for younger visitors to learn about the laws regulating the sea world, while enjoying themselves with exercises and a very simple language. Special attention for the Treasure Room: this is a symbolic journey via the items found by the diver Teddy Tucker.
The Dockyard Glassworks is a special place. The glass is made by hand here, using various techniques. In primis, the Italian technique. Have a look at the blown glass works of art. Master craftsmen work here and visitors can buy real works of art in the Shop.
The jewel in the crown is the creation of top-class glasses. You can buy items that reflect everyday life or particular facts about Bermuda life, including multicoloured angel fish and local birds. The catalogue contains plates, jugs, works of art, that are colourful jewels in the most personal shapes.
South Shore Park
The park is about 2.5 km long, including what are known as the most beautiful beaches in the entire archipelago. The area is a nature reserve, that extends from the district of Southampton to Warwick. It became a certified national park in 1990. The hypothetical path starts at the far western side of Horseshoe Bay Beach and goes as far as the far eastern side of Warwick Long Bay Beach.
Get ready to breathe nature and beauty. The first part is a sandy path along limestone cliffs and dunes just above beach level. The landscape changes and is contaminated, with new views every few metres and there will be a desire to photograph the landscape and stop every minute.
There are large areas of grass on the road, which are great for picnics or for a relaxing break. The path along the cliffs offers a wonderful view of the ocean. If, instead, you are attracted by the beaches, you will come across small, secluded coves that will take your breath away. Thanks to the colours, the crystal-clear waters and the magic of the silence.
Horseshoe Bay Beach
Horseshoe Bay Beach is the most popular beach on the Bermuda Islands and is considered to be an international jewel. Crystal-clear seas, silky sand, breathtaking views: add the the colour pink that takes on an even more magical appearance at sunset. With its child-friendly beach and its low tides that create natural pools, Horseshoe is certainly a place for the whole family.
This horseshoe-shaped beach is close to South Road, in Southampton Parish, and is bordered by natural limestone cliffs and coral reefs: snorkelling lovers can explore and meet the great variety of fish here, and learn about the area's sea life. There are also possibilities for sport and long walks. You can also refuel in the area’s restaurants or kiosks in the area, where you can try the local dishes.
The beauty of the Bermuda Islands
Night life and relaxation on the beaches, and much more too. Nature that pulsates and vibrates, but also a light fairytale touch, starting with the pastel-coloured houses offering perspectives and traces of history. British, American and African cultures combine here, also mixing with Portuguese and Indian influences.
Although the Bermuda Islands are not especially large, there are plenty of things for tourists to do, and suited for all needs: those who want to get to know the culture can visit the art galleries or museums in the capital, Hamilton; those who want to move around can experience any type of water sports, but also go on excursions or play golf.
Lastly, those who just want to relax will be able to enjoy the fantastic pink-sand beaches with guaranteed sun and blue sky. There is more: open-water fishing all year round. There are also Spa resorts and centres suited to all needs in Bermuda.
And the list of beauties continues: enchanting bays, grottoes to explore in a play of lights and contrasts, and several activities that guarantee an unforgettable holiday, even for diving lovers. Currently, the region’s sea beds hide about 500 ship wrecks, the ideal scenario for an unforgettable underwater adventure. Once in the area, don’t forget to do a bit of birdwatching or play with dolphins.
The local cuisine also reflects the culture and traditions, a trip into global food: from fish soup to fishcakes, American food, while the national Black Seal Rum drunk by the locals made into a long drink with a fizzy ginger-flavoured addition, just has to be tried. A varied menu that will satisfy any type of curiosity: all you need to do is get to know the Bermuda Isles and then sit down at the table.